DFKI is now the world’s largest nonprofit artificial intelligence research institute since the establishment of the German Artificial Intelligence Research Center (DFKI) in 1988, and the German government has been funding artificial intelligence research.
Artificial intelligence is a core technology in the future, and it is one of the important driving forces of digital transformation. German AI basic research is strong and internationally competitive in autonomous driving cars, but has lagged behind market-leading countries in many other applications.
To this end, the German government has taken a number of measures to catch up, hoping to become a leading place for the development and application of AI technology, out of a different way from the development of AI in China and the United States.
Germany has taken a number of steps to strengthen artificial intelligence strategies, hoping to incorporate artificial intelligence into the “Industry 4.0” framework and further enhance the intelligent level of German manufacturing through artificial intelligence.
Increase investment to provide a good environment
Under the slogan “Artificial intelligence made in Germany”, Germany plans to invest 3 billion Euros to support the development of artificial intelligence in the country by 2025.
This guiding role is evident, and local governments have increased their investment, such as Lower Saxony, Land, which has decided to invest 17 million euros over the next 5 years to expand and develop branches of the German Artificial Intelligence Research Center (DFKI) within the state.
In addition, Bosch of Germany has announced that it will invest 4 billion euros in the development of AI technology by 2021 years ago, thus making Bosch an indispensable partner in the field of autonomous driving.
In terms of talent competition, Germany plans to add at least 100 professorships to the AI sector and build an ambitious young talent program. But the German AI brain drain situation is not optimistic, China and the United States and other countries for AI experts often pay two to three times times the salary of Germany, plus considerable funding for scientific research. In the future, Germany will still face the challenge of a shortage of relevant talent.
In terms of strengthening the construction of scientific research centers, Germany focuses on continuing to develop and strengthen the DFKI which is taking shape, especially the four centers in Berlin, Munich, Dortmund and tibbingen.
The next step is to build on DFKI’s talent base with a national innovation network of 12 ai research centers.
According to PwC, a global accounting firm, artificial intelligence will bring 15.7 trillion of dollars in GDP to the world by 2030, and increase Germany’s GDP by 11.3% over the same period, this is because AI technology can be well combined with Germany’s leading manufacturing industry, thus bringing huge economic benefits.
develop international cooperation
Germany is fully aware that a successful AI development strategy needs to cross national borders and cannot keep pace with the ambitious business and research institution development plans of the United States and China on its own.
Therefore, Germany organically combines its AI strategy with the European strategy to strengthen coordination and give full play to the advantages of international cooperation and division of labor.
With strong support from Germany, the European Union of Artificial Intelligence Laboratories (CERTLAB) has grown rapidly since its launch in the summer of 2018, supported by more than 2,800 European scientists, and has built a strong network.
The second is to strengthen AI research cooperation between Germany and France, as well as with Japan.
The German Federal Department of Teaching and Research (BMBF) sees the development and application of AI as a priority area for future scientific and technological cooperation between Germany and France, and hopes to set up AI research projects, interconnection of institutions and jointly create a new framework for AI technology transformation with France.
The German Research Foundation (DFG), the French Research Centre (ANR) and the Japan Agency for the Promotion of Science and Technology (JST) co-financed research on transnational cooperation in the AI field, with the first projects to be launched this summer. Germany will also open more AI competency centres to Japan, where visiting researchers in the future can conduct research in Germany within a certain period of time.
Through international cooperation, Germany hopes to be able to solve its own problem of data sources. Industry experts believe that the innovation and development of artificial intelligence cannot be separated from the free flow of science and technology and human resources on a global scale.
Enhance their competitiveness
Germany attaches great importance to the cultivation of AI’s lighthouse effect, actively carries out humanities and social science research, in order to enhance AI’s social influence as soon as possible, emphasizes the necessity of supervision, and carries out ai-related social discussions.
Germany attaches great importance to promoting the understanding of AI in all sectors of society by means of popular science, so as to enhance the social identity of this new technology.
The German Federal Department of Teaching and Research selected AI as the theme for the 2019 year of science, hoping for a broader social, scientific, economic and political exchange on AI.